In the beginning of the century, the brothers had obtained Glaoui submission of all their neighbors rebels, except for Tamdakht, the last stronghold of dissent, about thirty kilometers from Telouet. The Mellah wadi winds along the arid valley of salt for 15 km, before turning sharply to the right as you arrive at a fantastic group of high-walled kasbahs of adobe, called Animiter, thence it slopes more steeply to the plains where its course was used as a main route for caravans on their way to South oasis in Marrakech.
At the entrance to the gorge of the river stands the gigantic fortress Tamdakht, as imposing as Telouet in isolated grandeur of its site, and infinitely more beautiful in its structure. The dissident tribes in the region were united under the command of a certain Ali Ait Haddou, so numerous that they caused the Glaoui permanently closed and the road caravans, plundering and killing all those who did not want to turn around.
The "rights" taken from the caravans forming an important part of income Madani Glaoui, he ordered his younger brother Thami reduce the fortress. Equipped with the Krupp gun offered by the Sultan, Thami Telouet left at the head of one of two thousand men harka. On several occasions, the look of wood of the barrel was broken on the rocks or pebbles in the path of the Oued Mellah, but the only piece of artillery "private" of Morocco at the time could finally be put into battery facing the kasbah, away from muskets of the defenders.
Many rounds were able to practice three holes in the walls of adobe, but the fire of the besieged entrenched in the kasbah and the natural caves in the cliff prevented the harka to invest instead.
Tamdakht could support the seat, but for the presence of a traitor among the rebels. The story goes that during
a lull in the attack, Ali Ait Haddou, to challenge and taunt his enemy, threw open the front door and walked out of the kasbah. It was a fine bravado, of course, but also imprudent because when he turned to go he found the door closed. Alone, unprotected, he tried to flee, but soldiers of Thami el Glaoui rushed upon him and, on the field, cut off his head stuck in a jumper exhibited a lance.
At sight of the garrison went Tamdakht, but several of its members suffered the fate of their leader. During the next few years, dissent disappeared in the South and the fate of the kasbah was linked to that of Ait Ben Haddou.
In the early twentieth century, of rectangular plan around a large central courtyard, this kasbah had five levels of externally presented as a very tall building, it is well harmonized with the environment in which it is located. She had nine towers of brick and adobe. In addition, a building was constructed of adobe after, plus appendices including stone on the north face. South side was built acourtyard with a large party for guests. A gallery with arcades, balconies overlooking the courtyard.
After independence, the kasbah Tamdakht, abandoned to the elements, used as a prison a few months the Oufkir family after the attempted coup in 1972 of General Oufkir, commander of the Army and Defense Minister Hassan II. On this occasion, the kasbah was amended to prohibit contact with the outside.
Many access and windows are now walled up yet and much of the building is in ruins. The conservation status of the Kasbah center is practically in ruins, there are only five laps in very poor condition inside, with much of the exterior walls collapsed.
The silence that scares!
Ounila Valley is one of the magnificent landscapes enjoyed Ouarzazate.
It is close to the High Atlas mountains. This valley extends from the kasbah Telouet to the Kasbah of Ait Benhaddou. A road that passes through the villages of Tigoussa, Annemiter, Tizgui N'Barda, Tiguert, Tamdakkhte...
Throughout the valley parade of amazing landscapes. On the outskirts Berber villages built of adobe. Their architecture and location show a significant social and political period in the history of the region and the country.
Villages, Kasbahs as Telouat, Annemiter, Tamdakht and Ait Benhaddou. These fortresses were sites coveted by the chiefs of the dominant tribes. Their strategic location recalls the ancient caravan route coming from the Sahara to the north. Caïdales families, the case of Glaoua, controlled the safety of the road which assured them of considerable financial resources.
Ounila Valley also offers a rare natural contrast. Rocks specific to the Atlas Mountains, the ocher earth of southern plantations and greenery. The whole forms a mismatch endearing. Terrace farming is growing in this region forming a verdant landscape of gardens
and wheat fields.
To get there by car
From Ouarzazate, head towards Marrakech.
At 22 km, at the douar Tabourhte, turn right direction AOT Ben Haddou.
From Marrakech, after Tichka pass, take the direction of Telouet on the left.
To fully enjoy the beauty of places and to ensure a typical immersion in local life, and hiking with donkeys or mules, circuits or quad bikes and walking can share fully the mood of sober Berber villages.
Also do not miss the panoramic views, climb along the wadis and through villages.
The valley residents live mainly from agriculture and livestock. Tourism is positioned more as a source of income Population.